Toward a Definition

Technically, forging may be defined as the process of giving metal increased utility by shaping it, refining it, and improving its mechanical properties through controlled plastic deformation under impact or pressure.
But the true meaning of forging can be more clearly recognized by considering the variety of ways it serves mankind and the important characteristics forged parts offer those who design, purchase and use them.
Forgings are commonly found in machines and conveyances at critical points of shock or stress – particularly where reliability and human safety are affected. And yet the great variety of shapes, sizes, and properties available in forgings has extended the list current applications and potential future uses far beyond this point.